Quantum Gravity

Dark Matter

Dark Energy

That one body may act upon another at a distance through a vacuum without the mediation of anything else, by and through which their action and force may be conveyed from one to another, is to me so great an absurdity, that I believe no man, who has in philosophical matters a competent faculty of thinking, can ever fall into it.

Isaac Newton
Letter to Richard Bentley (1692) 

Newton had suggested that special tiny repellent particles pervade the whole of space, making up an invisible, weightless medium capable of transmitting gravity or magnetism, yet rare enough to leave the planets virtually unaffected.

Sir Isaac Newton (1643 to 1727)
Alternative explanation of gravity

Title: Precise Molality and Utilization with Real GasesDownload PDF file
Authors: David W Gold
Abstract: The objective of this paper is twofold. Firstly, in extending the current thermodynamical properties of mass, temperature, volume and pressure to include the substantiation of mass density as a thermodynamic property. It is shown that volumetric mass density is not just a straightforward ratio of mass and volume but a representation of a true ratio when heterogeneous states of matter are in an equilibrium of state. It is further shown, for a given gas of constant mass, the product of density and temperature remain constant irrespective of induced change in volume and/or pressure. The second objective is the introduction of a methodological approach in establishing precise molality by a refinement of the Avogadro principle, thereby allowing accurate computation in the behaviour of real gases.
PACS numbers: 01.40.-d, 01.55.+b, 51.30.+i
Upated: 8th September 2019.
Key Subjects: General Physics -> Thermodynamical Properties of Gases, Relative Aspects of Matter, Avogadro’s Principle, Precise Molality, Intermolecular Forces, Equilibrium of State


Title: Quantum Magnetodynamics of GravityDownload PDF file
Authors: David W Gold
Abstract: An assessment was given to the quasi-magnetic monopoles experimentally discovered in tetrahedral crystal structures of spin ices, conforming functionally to the theoretical particles as theorised by Paul Dirac to retain duality symmetry between the electromagnetic unified fields. This serendipitously led to an association that existence of the graviton would constitute to magnetic monopole dual particles from which form theoretical ‘Gravity Strands’; the modus operandi as to the vera causa of the gravitational force. This central premise readily developed; in consequence, realizing a solution for quantum gravity in perfect unity with magnetic and electrical fundamental forces, thereby forming a foundation for Quantum Magnetodynamics.
PACS numbers: 04.60.-m, 14.80.Hv, 14.70.Kv, 14.20.Dh, 05.70.Ce
Upated: 15th September 2019.
Key Subjects: Quantum Gravity -> Quantum Chromodynamics, Magnetic Monopoles, Gravitons, Gravitation, Magnetism, Quantum Thermodynamics


Title: Quantum Magnetodynamics’ Governance of the CosmosDownload PDF file
Authors: David W Gold
Abstract: Quantum Magnetodynamics is presented as a foundation for Quantum Gravity where the solution realized perfect unity with magnetic and electrical fundamental forces, and in achieving a plausible resolution for Dark Matter. This conceptual foundation is extended to explore what the influence of magnetodynamical processes would have on the cosmos from, evaluation of the evolving conditions within the early universe succeeding the Big Bang event, to current compact cosmic objects associated with powerful magnetic fields. Magnetodynamical processes will ultimately unite the extreme classical scale of the universe, with its structural formations and containment, to a governing process that originates at the utmost quantum scale, thus reconciling the microscopic with the macroscopic through to the cosmic hierarchical scales.
PACS numbers: 98.80.Qc, 95.35.+d, 97.60.-s, 98.80.Bp
Upated: 8th September 2019.
Key Subjects: Quantum Cosmology -> Quantum Gravity, Gravitation, Magnetism, Quark-Gluon Plasma, Compact Cosmic Objects, Dark Matter
Title: Formulation of a Principle Model of ForcesDownload PDF file
Authors: David W Gold
Abstract: A premise into different structural layers of Nature that descends from simplistic originating fundamental structures to the complexity of quantum strangeness realised an important requirement for the forces of Nature to be formulated into a fundamental structural representation. A methodological use of extrapolations, from a recursive pattern relating to unified fields’ and to previously unrealised periodic structures regarding the fundamental forces, resulted in the final model. This fundamental foundational viewpoint concludes in a powerful predictive tool that illustrates remaining gaps in our current knowledge and where advancement gained leads to the potential source and mediation of Dark Energy in its revelation as a fundamental force.
PACS numbers: 12.90.+b, 12.60.-i, 11.30.Ly, 13.15.+g
Upated: 8th September 2019.
Key Subjects: Fundamental Physics, Particle Physics, Cosmology -> Fundamental Forces, Unified Fields, Dark Energy, Black Holes, Binary Star Systems, Big Bang, Super Inflation
Title: Fundamental principle of massDownload PDF file
Authors: David W Gold
Abstract: Preliminary investigation into experimentally measured radii of particles, shows there is, for both composite and elementary particles, a simple correlation between their mass and size. Among the provisional and yet significant conclusions is the explanation to the mass expression in Einstein's famous equation. This explanation is an assertion as to the origin of mass.
PACS numbers:  
Upated: 11th October 2012.
Key Subjects: Fundamental Physics -> Mass, Absolute Density, Higgs Mechanism, Massless Particles, Black Holes, Big Bang, Singularities.

If a true solution to a problem cannot be found is simply because the problem is not understood. To persevere, only formulate the research into thoroughly understanding the problem; the solution will naturally formulate itself.

David W Gold

Absolute solutions are ALWAYS the most simplest of solutions (albeit, the most difficult to ascertain). Indications are all of Nature, originating at the most fundamental level, transpires from correlated absolute solutions.

David W Gold